I read a post not long ago, Prayson Daniel’s Scholarly Status of Logical Problem of Evil. The problem of evil (as I understand it) states that the existence of evil in the world is strong evidence against the existence of an omnipotent, benevolent God.
Daniel states: “The logical problem of evil is dead. This is the
general status of the once loved argument against the existence of an
omnicompetent God in academia. The idea that existence of evil is
incompatible with the existence of God is dying.” Daniel then goes on
to quote academics who challenge the power of the problem of evil in
refuting the existence of God.
Here are some of my thoughts about the problem of evil.
1. I think that the problem of evil goes too far when it says that
the existence of evil in the world is evidence against God’s existence.
There may be a God who has reasons for temporarily permitting evil.
2. On the other hand, I do not think that many theodicies (defenses
of God) have the corner on truth. There may be something true in them,
but they usually have flaws. For example, I can envision God permitting
evil because adversity can lead us to seek God, because encountering
evil teaches us why bad is bad and encourages us to love the good all
the more, or because evil gives us opportunities to do good and thereby
develop such traits as compassion and benevolence. Do I think that such
theodicies have flaws? Yes. Some theodicies seem to treat suffering
or dying people as guinea pigs for others’ moral and spiritual growth. I
do not dismiss the possibility that God may permit suffering for the
reasons that theodicies say, but I believe that those theodicies only
have part of the truth and are not adequate, iron-clad, end-all-be-all
explanations for why God permits suffering.
3. God advertises himself as benevolent. Or, if you do not believe
in God, God is advertised as benevolent by certain religions. In light
of this, the existence of suffering will continue to challenge belief in
God. Even some of the people Prayson Daniel quotes acknowledge that,
while the deductive problem of evil may be dead in many parts of
academia, the problem of evil could still continue to exist, albeit in
another form (i.e., as an inductive argument). Jesus in Matthew 6 says
that his audience should not worry, for God will take care of their
needs (i.e., eating, clothing). Yet, there are people in the world who
die of starvation. I can understand why people conclude from this that
there is no God.
4. At the same time, I do get sick of people saying that, because
God seems inactive in the Third World, I should not pray to God or trust
God to take care of my needs or answer my prayers. Who is to say that
God is totally inactive in the Third World? There are many people in
the Third World who enjoy life: family, food, etc. There are also a lot
of Christians in the Third World: whatever suffering exists there has
not discouraged them from looking to God in faith. Why, then, should it
discourage me from having faith?
I admit, however, that I am rather sheltered, and that there are
problems in the world far beyond what I comprehend. The human community
should try to meet those problems, when it can. I applaud people who,
for whatever reason, show compassion.
Comparative religious miracles
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